Watsuji Tetsuro: human life is a tale of “persons supporting each other, existing in the world” (working draft)

In the early decades of the 20th century, as G. H. Mead’s former students were documenting and organizing his thought to ensure it was passed down to later generations, halfway around the world in Japan, Watsuji Tetsuro was articulating his own vision of what it means to be an individual in a world full of […]

To be a leader is to be followed. On what basis do we allow others to lead us? (working draft)

Whether we are talking about societies, cultures, economies, organizations or inter-personal relationships, the dynamics of social power receive a great deal of attention. Our interest in social power is not surprising. Since human existence is largely and perhaps even essentially social in nature, our power to influence each other’s behavior has significant implications for all […]

Homo recipricans is open to a more cooperative future. Can homo communicus lead us to one?

Behavioral economics research suggests that people can be divided roughly into three categories:  homo economicus, homo recipricans, and homo communicus. “Studies from behavioral economics suggest that about 20%–30% of people are purely selfish by nature, like H. economicus; about 50% are conditional cooperators (H. reciprocans); and about 20%–30% are very prosocial (H. communicus).” (p. 250 of Ecological Economics, Principles and Applications by […]